Japanese Society of Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Engineers and Scientists

  Author Instructions

Manuscript submission
The reviewing process for the manuscript will be completed within 3 months after submission, and the revised manuscript will be published within 3 months after the acceptance. Thus, most manuscripts will be published within 6 months after submission. Manuscripts must be submitted via an online submission system, ScholarOne Manuscripts (S1M), which can be accessed at https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ecinb. Membership in the Society is not a requirement for publication, but the first author is urged to consider membership. For the paper to be eligible for one of the Society's publication awards, at least one author of the paper must be a Society member.

The managing editor will assign a manuscript number to each new or resubmitted manuscript; refer to this number in all subsequent correspondence. Upon receipt of a manuscript, the managing editor will send an acknowledgment letter indicating the date of receipt and the manuscript number.

Article types
An ordinary paper (Original Paper), a short communication (Short Communication), a review paper (Review) and a research note (Research Note) can be published in the journal. Original Papers are full-length articles and should report original research results. Short Communications are short articles, and they should be as completely documented as Original Papers but not occupy more than 4 printed pages. Reviews are intended for recent trends in a specific field. Research Notes are published on invitation basis.

Publication fees
For papers published in ECB, 10,000 yen of a publication fee will be charged per paper when the first or the corresponding author is a Society member. In another case, when the first or the corresponding author of the paper is not a Society member, 50,000 yen of a publication fee will be charged. Authors can publish color photos or figures at their own expenses (about 30,000yen per page). Reprints can be purchased from the publishing company of the journal.

Prior publication
Any information that is already in the public domain in a scientific context will be considered published and will not be published again by the journal. Submission of a manuscript to the journal implies no concurrent submission elsewhere. Manuscripts submitted to the journal should be substantially different from industry-oriented publications and locally published progress or extension reports. The journal expects, but does not require, “first right” for publication of research reports presented at the annual conferences associated to the journal.

PDF files containing the full text contents of articles will be uploaded to the J-Stage (https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/ecb/) . Copy protection in making PDF files for articles has been abandoned, but Japanese Society of Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Engineers and Scientists still retains the copyrights of all items published in Environmental Control in Biology. Permission to reprint, republish, or reproduce individual contributions or parts of contributions must be obtained from Japan Academic Association for Copyright Clearance (JAACC). Also the journal requests that credit be given to the journal by indicating the volume number, pagination, and date of publication.
Japan Academic Association for Copyright Clearance (JAACC)
Nogisaka Bldg. 3F 9-6-41, Akasaka, Minato-ku, Tokyo 107‐0052, Japan
Phone: +81‐3‐3475‐5618
Fax: +81‐3‐3475‐5619
E-mail: info@jaacc.jp

Review policy and procedure
All manuscripts must be submitted in English. When English is not the primary language, authors are advised to obtain editorial assistance before submitting papers. A manuscript rejected by another journal must be redone in the journal style to be considered for publication. Submitted manuscripts that do not conform to the journal standards will be returned to authors for correction. Manuscripts submitted for publication in the journal are reviewed by an editor who solicits at least two additional peer reviews. The purpose of the reviews is to assure readers that the published papers have been found acceptable by competent, independent professionals. Some revisions are usually necessary after the reviews, and final acceptance generally depends on satisfactory revision. An appeal of outright rejection may be made to the Editor-in-Chief if the author does not agree with the assessment of the editor and reviewers. Authors are requested to suggest names, affiliations and e-mail addresses of 2 potential reviewers, although the editor is not bound by these suggestions. A manuscript is considered withdrawn if the author has not responded within 2 months to a request for revision.

Procedure after acceptance
Accepted manuscripts must be submitted via the online submission system, ScholarOne Manuscript (S1M: https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ecinb). After acceptance, authors will receive a memo from the managing editor instructing them to send an electronic file to the managing editor. Page proofs are sent to the submitting author; they must be proofread carefully, corrected if necessary, and returned to the journal publisher as soon as possible, even if no errors are found. Authors are charged for any major alterations they make in the page proofs that are not the error of the editors.

Manuscripts should be composed in English (AmE) on one side only of A4 sheets, double spaced, line numbered, and with at least 2.5 cm margins using Microsoft Word. In principle, SI units (International System of Units) should be used throughout the manuscript.

The title of the paper should be a precise and concise description of the work performed; it should be not longer than three typeset lines. Use the most important key words of the paper to facilitate indexing and information retrieval. Prepare a running title (less than 30 characters) for the headline in upper margin.

The byline includes the name(s) of the author(s), with a concise but complete mailing address below. Names of authors are given according to the preferences of the author(s)―full names (not initials) are encouraged. The spelling of names of foreign authors is in the native spelling with diacritical marks (if present). Do not include degree abbreviations or professional titles as part of the author's name.

The address should be that of the institution (or institutions) where the research was conducted. Give the name of the city and country in English. The byline address normally includes departmental affiliation. If the author's address is different from the byline, indicate the current address as a footnote on the title page.

The abstract should be a concise, self-explanatory, one-paragraph summation of the findings, not to exceed 200 words. Abstracts are often published in “extracting journals.” The abstract should be informative, rather than merely indicating what the study was about (e.g., avoid phrases such as “the results are discussed”). Do not duplicate the title in the abstract. Include objectives of the study, the full scientific names (including the name of the authority) of organisms (unless already in the title), materials used, effects of major treatments, and major conclusions. Use specific rather than general statements. Also, all measurements of time should be spelled out (e.g., days, minutes, hours, etc.). Include only information presented in the text: The abstract must be consistent with statements in the article.

Less than 6 keywords or phrases, not already used in the title, follows the abstract. These words are used in the annual and cumulative indexes and for information storage and retrieval by indexing services.

Every part of the manuscript must be double-spaced, including references, tables, and figure legends. Each manuscript should have a cover page that includes 1) the title of the manuscript, 2) names of the authors and their affiliations, and 3) corresponding author's name, fax number and e-mail address. The first page of the manuscript should start with the title, followed by the abstract (less than 200 words), keywords (less than six in alphabetical order), the text, acknowledgments, references, tables, and figures. All the pages, including tables and figures, should be numbered in the upper right corner. Text should be prepared (except review papers), as far as possible, under the heading of INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS, and DISCUSSION. Consult recent issues of ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL IN BIOLOGY.

The introduction should answer clearly and concisely the question “why was this research conducted?” It should include a statement of the problem that justifies doing the research or the hypothesis on which it is based, the findings of (and reference to) earlier work (if applicable) that will be challenged or developed, and the general approach and objectives.

The technical and experimental methods must be described so that the work may be replicable. For materials, give the appropriate technical specifications and quantities and source or method of preparation. Give enough information to indicate how the research was conducted. Well-known tests or procedures should be cited but not described in detail. Describe any controls and the statistical procedures. Method papers should be detailed enough to permit replication of the work. When specific equipment is mentioned in the text, include the model number followed by the name and location (model; city, state, country) of the manufacturer in parentheses.

Present results succinctly in a format consistent with experimental design, with emphasis on main effects and significant interactions. The text and tables should discuss the topics in the same sequence. All figures and tables must be cited in numeric order in the text. Interpret results in the discussion. Report and discuss only those results that are relevant to the study. The discussion should compare and explain any differences in the results within the experiment or those contrary to previous studies. Discuss any practical applications of the study and areas for future research. Speculation is encouraged, but must be firmly founded in observation and subjected to tests, and identified apart from the discussion and conclusions. Close the discussion with a brief, pertinent conclusion or interpretive statement; complex conclusions should form a separate section but generally are not necessary if the information is included in the abstract. Avoid summaries indicating “future work is necessary” or “further work is under way” because “previews of coming attractions” are unacceptable and will not be published by the journal. The section on “RESULTS” can be combined with the section on “DISCUSSION” or they can be separate.

Acknowledgments can be included after “DISCUSSION” in a separate paragraph if applicable without separate heading.

The reference section should include only published, significant, and relevant sources accessible through a library or an information system. These include journal articles, books, theses, dissertations, proceedings, bulletins, reports, and published abstracts of papers presented at meetings. Unpublished work, privileged data, or information received personally should be noted parenthetically in the text. Cite all references in the text by last names and year of publication. Text citations should be arranged from the earliest to most recent year, alphabetized by name within the same year. If authors and the year are the same in the cited references, lower-case alphabet letters should be attached to the year, such as 1990a and 1990b, so that the reference can be readily distinguished. When the number of authors are two in a cited reference, cite the reference with both author's name with ‘and,’ e.g., (Toyota and Hitachi, 1987). When the number of authors are more than three in a cited reference, cite the reference with the first author with ‘et al.’ as long as ambiguity is avoided. For entries in REFERENCES, alphabetize by authors' last names and follow the styles below exactly for capitalization, punctuation, and order of elements.

Journal article;
  Author, A. B., Author, B. B. 2002. Title of article. Environ. Control Biol. 43: 35‐45.
Book article;
  Author, A. B., Author, B. B., Author, C. C. 2003. Title of article. In “Title of Book” (ed. by Author, D. D., Author, E. E.), Ed. 2, Vol. 3. Publisher, City, p 15‐25.
  Author, A. B., Author, B. C. 2003. Title of Book. Publisher, City, pp 565.
  Author, B. C. 2003. Title of thesis. PhD thesis. University, City, pp 204.
  Author, A. B., Author, B. B. 2003. Title of abstract. (abstract No. xx), Name of Academic Meeting, Month, City, Name of Journal (abstract) p 135.
No authors or editors;
  Title of Booklet, Pamphlet, etc. 2004. Publisher (or Company), City, pp 23.

Tables should document but not duplicate data already given in the text. Keep the number of tables to a minimum. Start each table (with all parts double-spaced) on a separate page and number each table with Arabic numerals (e.g., Table 1, Table 2, etc.). Place tables after REFERENCES. The title, column and row headings, and footnotes of each table should be self-explanatory. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word of each column and row heading. To identify tabular footnotes, use lowercase letters starting from the end of the alphabet (sequence z, y, x...). If letters or symbols are used to indicate statistical significance at different levels, use (with explanatory footnotes) either lowercase letters from the beginning of the alphabet (a, b, c...) or a single asterisk (*) for P≤0.05, either uppercase letters from the beginning of the alphabet (A, B, C...) or a double asterisk (**) for P≤0.01, and a triple asterisk (***) for P≤0.001.

Illustrations are often the best means for presenting scientific data, revealing trends, or recording natural appearance. Data presented in tables should not be duplicated in figures. Identify all graphs, line drawings, and photographs with consecutive Arabic numerals (e.g., Fig. 1, 2, or 3). Number the figures in the sequence in which they are cited in the text. All figures must be cited. Information in captions should be clear and concise and understood independently from the text (all acronyms and abbreviations should be spelled out as in the text). Symbols used in graphs and charts should be keyed. If symbols are necessary for reference in the text, then choose standard symbols, such as the triangle, box, or circle. Complex symbols do not translate from disks and cannot be replicated easily.

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